If you want to find out more using neural networks from a programmatic perspective, this is a good introduction that just popped up.
The other day I ran into a problem that some developers of color tools probably run into, which is: given a color, do you display white or black text over it? An algorithm based on the WCAG luminosity contrast ratio measure works great on most colors, but can be spotty. After looking at the WCAG formula, it seemed this problem was a good candidate for neural networks.
A couple weeks ago I finally sat down to try out the idea, and made a page where you can train your own neural network when to use black vs. white text (bonus: Worker thread example). After training it on a dozen or so colors, it matches the WCAG algorithm in most cases and does better in others. It’s kind of crazy that you can just throw data at this network and it will learn it. Not every problem can be solved by a neural network, but it’s cool to see it work when the problem fits. Might try out some other classifiers next.